☰ अधिक माहितीसाठी येथे क्लीक करा

Question 1:

This bar graph shows the maximum temperatures in degrees Celsius in different cities on a certain day in February. Observe the graph and answer the questions.
(1) What data is shown on the vertical and the horizontal lines?
(2) Which city had the highest temperature?
(3) Which cities had equal maximum temperatures?
(4) Which cities had a maximum temperature of 30°C?
(5) What is the difference between the maximum temperatures of Panchgani and Chandrapur? (1) Temperature is shown on the vertical line (Y-axis) and different cities are shown on the horizontal line (X-axis).

(2) Chandrapur had the highest temperature (35°C) as the height of the bar corresponding to city Chandrapur is maximum.

(3) Panchgani and Matheran had equal maximum temperature of 25°C. Also, Pune and Nasik had equal maximum temperature of 30°C. Thus, the cities Panchgani and Matheran; Pune and Nasik had equal maximum temperatures.

(4) Pune and Nasik had a maximum temperature of 30°C.

(5) Maximum temperature of Panchgani = 25°C

Maximum temperature of Chandrapur = 35°C

∴ Difference between the maximum temperatures of Panchgani and Chandrapur = 35°C − 25°C = 10°C

Question 1:

The names of the heads of some families in a village and the quantity of drinking water their family consumes in one day are given below. Draw a bar graph for this data.
(Scale : On Y - axis, 1cm = 10 litres of water)
 Name Ramesh Shobha Ayub Julie Rahul Litres of water used 30 litres 60 litres 40 litres 50 litres 55 litres

Steps to draw the bar graph:

(1) In the centre of the graph paper, write the title "Heads and quantity of drinking water consumed".

(2) Draw the X-axis and Y-axis, and mark O, their point of intersection.

(3) Write the names of the head of the families on the X-axis at equal distances.

(4) The quantity of the drinking water consumed is taken on the Y-axis.

(5) Write the scale in the top right hand corner i.e. 1 cm = 10 litres of water on the Y-axis.

(6) Draw a bar of the appropriate height above the name of each head of the family on the X-axis. Question 2:

The names and numbers of animals in a certain zoo are given below. Use the data to make a bar graph. (Scale : on Y - axis, 1cm = 4 animals
 Animals Deer Tiger Monkey Rabbit Peacock Number 20 4 12 16 8

Steps to draw the bar graph:

(1) In the centre of the graph paper, write the title "Names and number of animals".

(2) Draw the X-axis and Y-axis, and mark O, their point of intersection.

(3) Write the name of the animals on the X-axis at equal distances.

(4) The number of animals is taken on the Y-axis.

(5) Write the scale in the top right hand corner i.e. 1 cm = 4 animals on the Y-axis.

(6) Draw a bar of the appropriate height above the name of each animal on the X-axis. Question 3:

The table below gives the number of children who took part in the various items of the talent show as part of the the annual school gathering. Make a bar graph to show this data. (Scale : on Y - axis, 1cm = 4 children)
 Programme Theatre Dance Vocal music Instrumental music One-act plays No. of students 24 40 16 8 4

Steps to draw the bar graph:

(1) In the centre of the graph paper, write the title "Programmes and number of children".

(2) Draw the X-axis and Y-axis, and mark O, their point of intersection.

(3) Write the name of the programmes on the X-axis at equal distances.

(4) The number of children taking part in the various items of the talent show is taken on the Y-axis.

(5) Write the scale in the top right hand corner i.e. 1 cm = 4 children on the Y-axis.

(6) Draw a bar of the appropriate height above the name of each programme on the X-axis. Question 4:

The number of customers who came to a juice centre during one week is given in the table below. Make two different bar graphs to show this data. (Scale : on Y - axis, 1cm = 10 customers, on Y - axis, 1cm = 5 customers)
 Type of juice Orange Pineapple Apple Mango Pomegranate No. of Customers 50 30 25 65 10

Steps to draw the bar graph:

(1) In the centre of the graph paper, write the title "Juices and number of customers".

(2) Draw the X-axis and Y-axis, and mark O, their point of intersection.

(3) Write the name of the juices on the X-axis at equal distances.

(4) The number of customers is taken on the Y-axis.

(5) For the first bar graph, write the scale in the top right hand corner i.e. 1 cm = 10 customers on the Y-axis.

For the second bar graph, write the scale in the top right hand corner i.e. 1 cm = 5 customers on the Y-axis.

(6) Draw a bar of the appropriate height above the type of each juice on the X-axis.  Question 5:

Students planted trees in 5 villages of Sangli district. Make a bar graph of this data. (Scale : on Y - axis, 1cm = 100 trees)
 Name of place Dudhgaon Bagni Samdoli Ashta Kavathepiran No. of trees planted 500 350 600 420 540

Steps to draw the bar graph:

(1) In the centre of the graph paper, write the title "Places and number of trees planted".

(2) Draw the X-axis and Y-axis, and mark O, their point of intersection.

(3) Write the name of the places on the X-axis at equal distances.

(4) The number of trees planted is taken on the Y-axis.

(5) Write the scale in the top right hand corner i.e. 1 cm = 100 trees on the Y-axis.

(6) Draw a bar of the appropriate height above the name of each place on the X-axis. Question 6:

Yashwant gives different amounts of time as shown below, to different exercises he does during the week. Draw a bar graph to show the details of his schedule using an appropriate scale.
 Type of exercise Running Yogasanas Cycling Mountaineering Badminton Time 35 Minutes 50 minutes 1 hr 10 min 112$1\frac{1}{2}$ hours 45 minutes

Steps to draw the bar graph:

(1) In the centre of the graph paper, write the title "Exercises and time".

(2) Draw the X-axis and Y-axis, and mark O, their point of intersection.

(3) Write the type of exercise on the X-axis at equal distances.

(4) The time is taken on the Y-axis.

(5) Write the scale in the top right hand corner i.e. 1 cm = 10 minutes on the Y-axis.

Here, $1\frac{1}{2}$ hours = 1 hour 30 minutes = 90 minutes, 1 hr 10 min = 70 minutes         (1 hour = 60 minutes)

(6) Draw a bar of the appropriate height above the type of each exercise on the X-axis. Question 7:

Write the names of four of your classmates. Beside each name, write his/her weight in kilograms. Enter this data in a table like the above and make a bar graph.

The names of four classmates and their weight in kilograms are given in the following table.
 Name of classmate Gaurav Saurav Puneet Sagar Weight 35 kg 30 kg 25 kg 40 kg

Steps to draw the bar graph:

(1) In the centre of the graph paper, write the title "Classmates and their weights".

(2) Draw the X-axis and Y-axis, and mark O, their point of intersection.

(3) Write the name of classmates on the X-axis at equal distances.

(4) The weigth is taken on the Y-axis.

(5) Write the scale in the top right hand corner i.e. 1 cm = 5 kg on the Y-axis.

(6) Draw a bar of the appropriate height above the name of each classmate on the X-axis. Std 6 th Mathematics- 6. Bar Graphs Reviewed by Amol Uge on January 09, 2019 Rating: 5