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Std 6 th Science- 8. Our Skeletal System and the Skin

Question 1:

Fill in the blanks with the proper word.
(a) The place where two or more bones are connected is called a .............. .
(b)Cells of the epidermis contain a pigment called .............. .
(c) ...................... and ...................... are the two layers of the human skin.
(d)The human skeletal system is divided into ...................... parts.

Answer 1:

(a) The place where two or more bones are connected is called a joint.
(b)Cells of the epidermis contain a pigment called melanin.
(c) Epidermis and dermis are the two layers of the human skin.
(d)The human skeletal system is divided into two parts.

Question 2:

Match the pairs.
(1) Ball and socket joint(a) Knee
(2) Hinge joint(b) Wrist
(3) Gliding joint(c) Shoulder

Answer 2:

(1) Ball and socket joint(c) Shoulder
(2) Hinge joint(a) Knee
(3) Gliding joint(b) Wrist

Question 3:

Right or wrong? If wrong, write the correct sentence.
(a) Bones are soft.
(b)The human skeleton protects the internal organs.

Answer 3:

(a) Bones are soft- Wrong
Bones are hard and non flexible.

(b)The human skeleton protects the internal organs- Right

Question 4:

Put a box enclose √ mark at the proper places.
(a) The system which gives a definite shape to our body.
 Excretory system
 Respiratory system
 Skeletal system
 Circulatory system

(b) The ................ joint is seen in fingers and toes.
 Hinge joint
 Ball and socket joint
 Immovable joint
 Gliding joint

Answer 4:

(a) The system which gives a definite shape to our body.
 Excretory system
 Respiratory system
box enclose √ Skeletal system
 Circulatory system

(b) The ................ joint is seen in fingers and toes.
box enclose √ Hinge joint
 Ball and socket joint
 Immovable joint
 Gliding joint

Question 5:

Answer the following questions in your words.
(a)What are the functions of your skin?
(b)What should you do to keep your bones strong and healthy?
(c)What are the functions of the human skeletal system?
(d)Which are the various reasons due to which our bones might break?
(e) What are the different types of bones? How many types are there?

Answer 5:

 a. The most important functions of the skin are:
  • Protection − The skin provides protection to the body from mechanical injury, ultraviolet rays, from disease-causing microbes, and prevents desiccation.
  • Temperature regulation − The skin helps in the maintenance of body temperature at a constant.
  • The skin contains numerous sense receptors, which help in perceiving the surroundings.
  • The skin is also involved in the synthesis of vitamins such as Vitamin D.
  • The skin also helps in disposing off the excess water and salt by evaporation.​

Ans b. The following things should be done in order to keep our bones healthy and strong:
  • Have calcium rich foods like milk, yoghurt as calcium is an important component of bones.
  • We need to take enough vitamin D as it helps in the absorption of calcium present in foods.
  • Some other important nutrients like potassium, vitamin K and magnesium also help the body to absorb and use calcium. 
  • Daily exercise is required to keep our bones in a state of good health.

Ans c. The skeletal system includes all of the bones and joints in the body. It performs the following functions:
  • gives a definite shape to the body
  • provides support and protection for the soft tissues that make up the rest of the body
  • provides attachment points for muscles to allow movements at the joints

Ans d. Bones are structures which are hard and non flexible. The chances of breaking of bones occurs, if the bones are weak. There are various reasons due to which bones may become weak and may break:
  • certain diseases can result in weakening of the bones and cause them to break. For example, osteoporosis and arthritis are diseases which result in the weakening of bones
  • deficiency of nutrients like calcium and vitamin D 
  • certain stress or injury may result into fracturing of bones
  • bone loss also occurs with age and thus making them more fragile
  • alcohol and smoking also have a negative impact on bones and bone density

Ans e. There are 4 types of bones:

1. Flat bones: They are thin shaped and, in some cases, provide mechanical protection to soft tissues beneath or enclosed by the flat bone.
2. Irregular bones: They have complicated shapes which cannot be classified as 'long', 'short' or 'flat'. Their shapes are due to the functions they fulfill within the body.
3. Long bones: These type of bones are longer than wider and they function to support the weight of the body and facilitate movement
4. Short bones: They are almost cube shaped bones as they are equal in their length and width.

Question 6:

What will happen if -?
(a)There are no joints in our body.
(b)There is no melanin pigment in our skin.
(c) Instead of 33 vertebrae in our body, we had one single and straight bone.

Answer 6:

a. Joints are the places where 2 bones are joined together. They permit the various kinds of movement which we carry out in order to fulfill our requirements. In absences of these joints our body would become stiff and we would not be able to carry out our daily tasks.

b. Melanin is a pigment which is found in skin and hair as well. It is important for two reasons, firstly it imparts colour to our skin and the tone of our skin depends on the amount of melanin pigment, secondly it protects our skin and the inner parts from ultraviolet rays. If the melanin pigment is absent, all the humans will have the same skin colour and we will become susceptible to the UV rays present in our atmosphere.

c. The 33 vertebrae together form the structure which we know as spine. They permit the movement of our spine so that we can bend it easily and carry out other functions. In other words we can say that they provide flexibility to the spine. If in place of them, only one single and straight bone will be present then we would loose our flexibility and remain in fixed positions. We would always stand straight like a pole and would not be able to sit down or perform other activities.

Question 7:

Draw diagrams.
(a) Types of joints
(b) Structure of the skin

Answer 7:

(a) Types of joints

1. Gliding joint

2. Ball and socket joint

3. Hinge joint

(b.) Structure of skin

Std 6 th Science- 8. Our Skeletal System and the Skin Std 6 th Science- 8. Our Skeletal System and the Skin Reviewed by Amol Uge on January 08, 2019 Rating: 5
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