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#### Question 1:

Write proper words from the following group of words in the blanks.
(magnetism, 4.5V, 3.0V, gravitational attraction, potential differences, potential, higher, lower, 0V)

A.Water in the waterfall flows from a higher level to the lower level because of ____________.

B. In an electric circuit, electron flow a from of point of ________ potential to the point of ____________ potential.

C. The differences between the electrostatic potential of the positive end the negative end of an electric cell is the __________ of the cell.

D. Three electric cells of potential difference 1.5 V each have been connected as a battery. The potential differences of the battery will be ________ V.

E. An electric current flowing in a wire creates __________ around the wire.

A. Water in the waterfall flows from a higher level to the lower level because of potential differences.

B. In an electric circuit, electron flow a from of point of higher potential to the point of lowerpotential.

C. The differences between the electrostatic potential of the positive end the negative end of an electric cell is the potential of the cell.

D. Three electric cells of potential difference 1.5 V each have been connected as a battery. The potential differences of the battery will be 1.5 + 1.5 + 1.5 = 4.5 V.

E. An electric current flowing in a wire creates magnetic field around the wire.

#### Question 2:

A battery is to be formed by joining 3 dry cells with connecting wires. Show how will you connect the wires by drawing a diagram.

or

#### Question 3:

In an electric circuit, a battery and a bulb have been connected and the battery consists of two cells of equal potential difference. If the bulb is not glowing, then which tests will you perform in order to find out the reason for the bulb not glowing?

The following test should be performed to find the reason why bulb is not glowing:
• Check how the terminals of the batteries are connected to each other: Ensure that the positive terminal of one battery is connected to negative terminal of other battery. If the batteries are connected in this this way and even then the bulb does not glow, go for the next test given below.
• Check for the broken wires in the circuit: Ensure that the wires used for connecting the various electrical components are nor broken in between i.e. ensure that the circuit is closed. Even after ensuring that the wires are not broken in between, the bulb does not glow, move to the next test.
• Check how the connecting wires are connected to the bulb: Ensure that the bulb is connected to the batteries using the connecting wires as shown below. Even now, if the bulb does not glow, replace the bulb or the batteries with a new one.

#### Question 4:

Electric cells having 2 V potential difference each have been connected in the form of a battery. What will be the total potential difference of the battery in both cases ?
(i)

(ii)

(i) Total potential difference = 2 + 2 + 2 = 6 V

(ii) Total potential difference = 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 8 V

#### Question 5:

Describe the construction, working and usefulness of a dry cell, with the help of a diagram.

Construction of dry cell
The dry cell consists of following components:
Outer metal covering: The metal covering is made up of zinc metal and is whitish in appearance. It acts as a negative terminal of the cell.
Electrolyte: Inside the Zinc metal, there is the electrolyte filled between two layers. Electrolyte is a wet pulp of Zinc chloride (ZnCl2) and Ammonium chloride (NH4Cl). It is the charge carrier of electricity as it contains negatively charged and positively charged ions.
Metal rod: There is a graphite rod at the centre of the cell. It is surrounded by paste of Manganese dioxide (MnO2). It acts as the positive terminal of the cell.

Working of dry cell: Chemical reactions take place between the electrolyte, zinc container and graphide rod. Because of this, electric charge is produced on the two terminals of the cell and electric current flows in the circuit.

Usefulness of dry cell: They are handy and portable. The life of dry cell is longer than cells using liquid electrolyte. Dry cells can be use in torch, T.V. or A.C remote controls, toys, etc.

#### Question 6:

Describe the construction and working of an electric bell with the help of a diagram.